The Re-Creation of Eleanor's Lincoln Cross
In the Summer of 2014 The Stone People Project set out on the first summer research tour. Its aim was to follow the path of the Eleanor Crosses and to meet the Clericus Fabricae of Lincoln Cathedral Works Department Carol Heidschuster to discuss progress on the Story "The Stone People". In this meeting for the first time the new mission and objectives of the Stone People Project where revealed. One of those objectives was to "Instigate the development of a major public arts project to recreate the missing Eleanor Crosses". During the discussion the "Boss" said "well why don't you recreate the first cross for Lincoln City".
So begins the journey to recreate a new Eleanor Cross for Lincoln City.
The Last Remanent of Eleanor's Lincoln Cross.
In the Grounds of Lincoln Castle stands the last remaining piece of the original Lincoln Cross. It was discovered face down being used as a culvert to cross a brook. The original cross lay down the hill from the cathedral in the valley by St. Catherine Priory, where here body had been embalmed shortly after her death. Her Viscera (the internal organs in the main cavities of the body, especially those in the abdomen) where sent to The cathedral where sent to be housed in a Tomb in Lincoln Cathedral. A reproduction of this tomb can still be seen in The cathedral in the Angel Choir.
Initial Sketch for Eleanors New Lincolns Cross
In Fall 2014, after returning from England, The Stone People Project began to sketch out the outline of a cross for Lincoln City. Through research on the three existing cross and of the other evidence of the lost crosses we decided to create something a little different from the octagonal crosses we where seeing. The new Lincoln Cross will have a dodecagon, 12 sided base; leading into a Hexagon, six sided, first tier; upon which stands a triangular tier housing three Eleanor States; the final tier will revert back to a hexagon upon which sits a golden cross. (After working on the 1/3 scanle drawing we came to realize why an Octagon is a perfectly balanced form for creating a structure (i.e. It subdivideds easily).
Cody James and Simeon A. Warren caught red handed in a secret planning meeting.
1/3 Scale Lincoln Cross Drawing Board
In Spring 2015 The Stone People team of two created a 11 foot drawing board to contain the hand drawn working drawing of the New Lincoln Cross. The Sketch from Fall was used to map out all the initial lines and continues to be the baseline of the project to recreate the cross.
A 13 inch foot
In reviewing the evidence and measuring the triangular cross in Geddington we found to our surprise that the cross seemed to a-dear to a 13" foot rather than the 12 inch modern measuring system. Our assumption was that the Master who created this monument in 1294 had big feet.
So the team had to create its very own measuring system based on these findings. The compass easily allowed us to formalize this new system based on subdivision of space. This medieval methodology allowed us a freedom from the tyranny of modern math.
The Dodecagon Base Plan View
Once we had our new Measurement the first objective was to create the plan view of the base and the first their of the cross.
First Tier of Cross
Hexagonal 1st Tier: Full Scale Plan and Elevation
Once the first section of 1/3 scale drawing was complete we where able to create a full-scale plan and elevation allowing template to be made for the first stones.
Lincoln City New Eleanor: First Stone
This is the first stone for the New Cross for Lincoln City (at an unfinished). Carved By Cody James Spring 2015.
First Public Presentation of The New Cross
At the end of Spring 2015, as Cody James Graduated from ACBA, the Hand geometric drawing had reached the tier housing Queen Eleanor. During the 2015 International Trade Education Symposium Warren presented publicly the New Eleanor Cross to colleagues in the american trade education community.
Sam Friedman Continues the work
In the Fall of 2015 Samuel Friedman and Simeon A Warren Continued to develop not only the second their of the New Eleanor Cross but also the philosophical story present within the Cross. This image shows some of the workings outing shows how the base was redesigned to encompass ideas based on the Hierarchy of Angels. http://www.esoteric.msu.edu/VolumeII/MysticalTheology.html https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hierarchy_of_angels
New Eleanor Cross
In Spring 2016, as Sam Friedman Graduated, the New Eleanor Cross image neared its initial completion. after 3.5 semesters of development we documented the present incarnation of this drawing. Sam, Cody, Simeon and Will Bullock came together and had a small private celebration of the drawings completion.
I have to whole heartedly thank both Cody James and Sam Friedman for 1. Being excited to want to explore drawing and 2. to take on the painstaking challenge of drawing on such a scale and in such detail.
The creative path is sometimes fraught with tension and the ability to develop ideas, draw, engage in dialog and passionate debate is one which at its heart allows something to become real from the imagined. Thanks
Workshop at Bryn Athyn
The Stone Peoples first Public works shop beyond ACBA took place in Summer 2016. A small but willing group of students came together to learn about Queen Eleanor and also to Carve Stone. Five stones where produced for the base of the Queen Eleanor's Statue.
Simeon and Eleanor
The next steps in developing the New Eleanor Cross is to recreate an Eleanor Statue and the shields so emblematic of these iconic monumnets. This Image is of a Statue in the Victoria and Albert Museum taken down from the Waltham cross in the 1950's (See: QUEEN ELEANOR AND HER ICONOGRAPHY:REMAKING ELEANORS IMAGE).